J Dilla left such an ineffaceable mark on Hip-Hop music and beyond, displaying production mastery that has been imitated widely but never duplicated. The late, great Detroit beatsmith and rapper would have been 47 today, and fans on Twitter are gathering to celebrate his life and legacy.
Born James Dewitt Yancey, the tale of how the former Jay Dee morphed into J Dilla began on the east side of the Motor City as the eldest of four children. His parents, singer Maureen “MaDukes” Yancey-Smith and bassist Beverly Dewitt Yancey, passed on their love of music to their children but young James was bitten early by the Hip-Hop bug and the “pause tape” art of sampling classic records.
As the story has been told, Dilla, who studiously worked on pause tape beats, met Baatin and T3 while in high school, forming the group Slum Village. At 18, Dilla crossed paths with Detroit musician Joseph “Amp” Fiddler, who graciously allowed the young producer in training to use his trusty Akai MPC sampler and beat machine.
Much like his deep focus on pause tapes, Dilla became adept at using the MPC while continuing to refine his sound. In 1995, alongside fellow Detroit rapper Phat Kat, the pair, collectively known as 1st Down, reportedly became Detroit’s first Hip-Hop group to sign a major label deal in 1995.
As the 1990s rolled on, Slum Village completed their album Fantastic, Vol. 1, which is seen as their debut although the release was heavily bootlegged, and was comprised of sketches and demo takes. Many of the songs on Fantastic, Vol. 1 would end up on 2000’s Fantastic, Vol. 2, which remains a Hip-Hop masterpiece some 21 years later.
During this journey, Dilla would cross paths with the likes of Q-Tip of A Tribe Called Quest and began producing for the legendary New York crew along with providing production for The Pharcyde, De La Soul, and Busta Rhymes among others.
But what was interesting is that considering who Dilla was aligned with, much of what he and his Slum Village crew and likeminded Detroit spitters rapped about was the hustle and grit of the city that raised them but with the backdrop of his future-leaning production, Dilla and his cohorts were, perhaps unfairly, seen as so-called “Backpacker” Hip-Hop artists.
The 2000s only saw more of Dilla’s star rising, culminating in 2003’s stellar collaboration album with Madlib as the group Jaylib titled Champion Sound. With the producers taking turns making beats for the other to rap to, the concept elevated both gentlemen as darlings of Hip-Hop critics and fans worldwide.
Most are familiar that around this time, Dilla was battling thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a rare blood disease, and lupus, which led to his rapid weight loss and physical decline. Still, he managed to produce one of the most stirring swan songs in music with his final album, Donuts, produced mostly while he was being treated for his ailments.
The world lost Dilla on February 10, 2006, just three days after he turned 32. The loss still stings for many, but his sound and tradition for being extraordinarily dope has lived on through the creations of Madlib, who crafted two beautiful tribute projects for his friend under his Beat Konducta alias, Vol. 5-6: A Tribute to… (Dil Cosby and Dil Withers Suite). Madlib continues to honor Dilla, doing so on his most recent studio release, Sound Ancestors on the track, “Two for 2 – For Dilla” and is one of the album’s standouts.
On Twitter, the tributes are still pouring in and we’ve collected some of those for viewing below.
Rest Powerfully in Peace, J Dilla.